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  • VOS.VAL_SparqlACLs(Last) -- DAVWikiAdmin? , 2017-06-29 07:34:59 Edit WebDAV System Administrator 2017-06-29 03:34:59

    SPARQL ACLs in Virtuoso

    Introduction

    Virtuoso uses the VAL ACL system to control access to named graphs, and to SPARQL in general. When enabled, these rules are automatically enforced in various Virtuoso interaction including the /sparql endpoints, and can also be used manually in any other application as described below.

    SPARQL access is controlled in two ways:

    • General access ACLs grant a person the basic right to perform SPARQL SELECT, UPDATE, or SPONGE queries. These ACL rules always apply to the same specific resource URI, urn:virtuoso:access:sparql, has a scope of oplacl:Query. For historical reasons, this ACL is disabled by default, which grants everyone the right to SELECT, UPDATE, and SPONGE. See below on how to enable the ACL scope, and thus, the evaluation of the rules.
    • Named graph ACLs grant access to specific private graphs. (Public graphs are always fully accessible, or they are not really public. See below for details.) These ACL rules grant access to one private graph at a time, and have a scope of oplacl:PrivateGraphs.

    Private Graphs used for ACL storage

    The Rules can be controlled via two APIs --

    Alternatively, one can manually add rules to the private graph matching the realm in which the rules should apply. Such manual addition means that two properties of each rule, oplacl:hasRealm and foaf:maker, which are invisibly and automatically managed by the APIs, must also be manually managed.

    Given the default realm --


    http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#DefaultRealm
    

    -- and the default hostname --


    {HOST-CNAME}
    

    -- the graph IRI would be --


    http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/rules/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm
    

    -- and the groups would be stored in named graph --


    http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/groups/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm
    

    Note: these defaults can be customized for better readability.

    Enabling or Disabling ACL Rule Evalution

    Each set of ACL rules is defined as one ACL scope.

    As implied above, there are two ACL scopes in VAL, each with a set of default access modes which are used if ACL rule evaluation has been disabled. The purpose and default configurations of these two scopes are --

    • oplacl:Query for general SPARQL access

      PREFIX acl: <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#> PREFIX oplacl: <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> INSERT INTO <urn:virtuoso:val:acl:schema> { oplacl:PrivateGraphs a oplacl:Scope ; rdfs:label "Sparql" ; rdfs:comment """Sparql ACL scopes which contains all ACL rules granting access to specific named graphs. By default ACLs are disabled. System admins can enabled ACLs. There are no default access modes since Virtuoso only applies ACLs to private graphs which should remain private.""" ; oplacl:hasApplicableAccess oplacl:Read , oplacl:Write , oplacl:Sponge . };

    • oplacl:PrivateGraphs for access to specific private graphs

      PREFIX acl: <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#> PREFIX oplacl: <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> INSERT INTO <urn:virtuoso:val:acl:schema> { oplacl:Query a oplacl:Scope ; rdfs:label "SQL" ; rdfs:comment """SQL ACL scopes which contains all ACL rules granting permission to perform SQL operations or SPARQL operations in general. The latter is complemented by the sparql scope which contains rules for named graph access.""" ; oplacl:hasApplicableAccess oplacl:Read , oplacl:Write , oplacl:Sponge ; oplacl:hasDefaultAccess oplacl:Read , oplacl:Write , oplacl:Sponge . };

    A scope can be explicitly enabled or disabled in any given realm. By default, they are neither, which means that it is up to the application to decide. Given the default realm oplacl:DefaultRealm, the evaluation of ACLs for private graphs could be disabled as follows:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#>
    WITH <urn:virtuoso:val:config>
      DELETE
        {
          oplacl:DefaultRealm  oplacl:hasEnabledAclScope  oplacl:PrivateGraphs .
        }
      INSERT 
        {
          oplacl:DefaultRealm  oplacl:hasDisabledAclScope  oplacl:PrivateGraphs .
        };
    

    To enable the evalution of general SPARQL access rules in the default realm one would use:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#>
    WITH <urn:virtuoso:val:config>
      DELETE
        {
          oplacl:DefaultRealm  oplacl:hasDisabledAclScope  oplacl:Query .
        }
      INSERT
        {
          oplacl:DefaultRealm  oplacl:hasEnabledAclScope  oplacl:Query .
        };
    

    Examples

    In the following examples --

    • the default realm oplacl:DefaultRealm is used for creating the ACL resources.
    • {HOST-CNAME} is used as a placeholder for the default hostname of the system on which the ACL resource are created.
    Note: these defaults can be customized for better readability.

    Example ACL Rules for General SPARQL Access

    Grant Everyone the Right To SPARQL Select


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#>
    PREFIX     acl:  <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#>
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/rules/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{RULE-IRI}>                     a  acl:Authorization ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                        oplacl:hasAccessMode  oplacl:Read ;
                                acl:accessTo  <urn:virtuoso:access:sparql> ;
                              acl:agentClass  foaf:Agent ;
                             oplacl:hasScope  oplacl:Query ;
                             oplacl:hasRealm  oplacl:DefaultRealm .
        };
    

    Grant an Individual the Right to Grant Sponge Permissions


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX     acl:  <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#>
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/rules/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{RULE-IRI}>                     a  acl:Authorization ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                        oplacl:hasAccessMode  oplacl:GrantSponge ;
                                acl:accessTo  <urn:virtuoso:access:sparql> ;
                                   acl:agent  <{AGENT-IRI}> ;
                             oplacl:hasScope  oplacl:Query ;
                             oplacl:hasRealm  oplacl:DefaultRealm .
    };
    

    Granting Permissions to a Group Of People

    First, Create a Group

    There are two types of groups:

    • static defined by a simple list of individuals, as seen below
    • conditional defined by a set of conditions which describe a dynamic group of individuals
    A Static Group

    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/groups/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{GROUP-IRI}>            a  foaf:Group, 
                                      oplacl:StaticGroup ;
                           foaf:name  "Some people" ;
                          foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                         foaf:member  <{AGENT-IRI-1}> ,
                                      [...]
                                      <{AGENT-IRI-N}> .
        };
    

    A Conditional Group of Anyone who has Authenticated

    The Required Group in a conditional group which includes every authenticated NetID?:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/groups/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{GROUP-IRI}>                    a  oplacl:ConditionalGroup ;
                                   foaf:name  "Valid Identifiers" ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                         oplacl:hasCondition  [
                                                                   a  oplacl:GroupCondition, 
                                                                      oplacl:GenericCondition ;
                                                  oplacl:hasCriteria  oplacl:NetID ;
                                                oplacl:hasComparator  oplacl:IsNotNull ;
                                                     oplacl:hasValue  1
                                              ] .
        };
    
    A Conditional Group of Anyone who has a Verified WebID

    The Required Group in a conditional group which includes every authenticated NetID?:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/groups/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{GROUP-IRI}>                    a  oplacl:ConditionalGroup ;
                                   foaf:name  "Valid WebIDs" ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                         oplacl:hasCondition  [
                                                                   a  oplacl:GroupCondition, 
                                                                      oplacl:GenericCondition ;
                                                  oplacl:hasCriteria  oplacl:WebIDVerified ;
                                                oplacl:hasComparator  oplacl:EqualTo ;
                                                     oplacl:hasValue  1
                                              ] .
        };
    

    A Conditional Group of Anyone who has presented a Valid X.509 Client Certificate

    The Required Group in a conditional group which includes every valid X.509 certificate:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/groups/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{GROUP-IRI}>                    a  oplacl:ConditionalGroup ;
                                   foaf:name  "Valid X.509 Certificates" ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                         oplacl:hasCondition  [
                                                                   a  oplacl:GroupCondition,
                                                                      oplacl:GenericCondition ;
                                                  oplacl:hasCriteria  oplacl:CertVerified ;
                                                oplacl:hasComparator  oplacl:EqualTo ;
                                                     oplacl:hasValue  1
                                              ] .
        };
    

    A Conditional Group of Any Verified WebID Which Claims to be a Person

    Query conditions consist of a query which supports two variables which are replaced with the profile graph and the personal URI respectively.


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/groups/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{GROUP-IRI}>                    a  oplacl:ConditionalGroup ;
                                   foaf:name  "Valid WebIDs" ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                         oplacl:hasCondition  [
                                                                   a  oplacl:GroupCondition, 
                                                                      oplacl:GenericCondition ;
                                                  oplacl:hasCriteria  oplacl:WebIDVerified ;
                                                oplacl:hasComparator  oplacl:EqualTo ;
                                                     oplacl:hasValue  1
                                              ] ,
                                              [
                                                                   a  oplacl:GroupCondition, 
                                                                      oplacl:QueryCondition ;
                                                     oplacl:hasQuery  """ASK WHERE { GRAPH ^{graph}^ { ^{uri}^ a foaf:Person } }"""
                                              ]
        };
    

    Second, Create a Rule to Grant Privileges to the Group Members
    An ACL Rule to grant Sponge Privileges to the Group Members

    Once the group has been created it can be referenced in a new Authorization that provides members with the ability to grant Sponge privileges to others so that they too can use the Sponger functionality via SPARQL based data access:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX     acl:  <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#>
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/rules/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{RULE-IRI}>                     a  acl:Authorization ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                        oplacl:hasAccessMode  oplacl:Sponge ;
                                acl:accessTo  <urn:virtuoso:access:sparql> ;
                                   acl:agent  <{GROUP-IRI}> ;
                             oplacl:hasScope  oplacl:Query ;
                             oplacl:hasRealm  oplacl:DefaultRealm .
    };
    
    An ACL Rule to grant Write Privileges to the Group Members

    Once the group has been created it can be referenced in a new Authorization that provides members with Write (Insert, Update, and Delete) privileges via SPARQL data access:


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX     acl:  <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#>
    PREFIX    foaf:  <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
    WITH  <http://{HOST-CNAME}/acl/graph/rules/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{RULE-IRI}>                     a  acl:Authorization ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                        oplacl:hasAccessMode  oplacl:Write ;
                                acl:accessTo  <urn:virtuoso:access:sparql> ;
                                   acl:agent  <{GROUP-IRI}> ;
                             oplacl:hasScope  oplacl:Query ;
                             oplacl:hasRealm  oplacl:DefaultRealm .
    };
    

    Example ACL Rules for Access To Private Graphs

    Grant Read Access on a Private Graph to an Individual


    SPARQL
    PREFIX  oplacl:  <http://www.openlinksw.com/ontology/acl#> 
    PREFIX     acl:  <http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/acl#> 
    WITH  <http://HOST/acl/graph/rules/http%3A%2F%2Fwww.openlinksw.com%2Fontology%2Facl%23DefaultRealm>
      INSERT
        {
          <{RULE-IRI}>                     a  acl:Authorization ;
                                  foaf:maker  <{ADMIN-IRI}> ;
                        oplacl:hasAccessMode  oplacl:Read ;
                                acl:accessTo  <{NAMED-GRAPH-IRI}> ;
                                   acl:agent  <{AGENT-IRI}> ;
                             oplacl:hasScope  oplacl:PrivateGraphs ;
                             oplacl:hasRealm  oplacl:DefaultRealm .
    };
    

    See Also