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  • VOS.VirtEntityFrameworkSchoolDbWinFormApp(Last) -- Owiki? , 2018-04-13 12:06:19 Edit owiki 2018-04-13 08:06:19

    Virtuoso Entity Framework School DB Windows Form Application

    Introduction

    This tutorial demonstrates how Visual Studio 2008 can be used to generate mapping files for an Entity Data Model (EDM), based on a 1:1 mapping to tables in the School database. This will be done by creating a Windows Forms application in Visual Studio, create queries that access data in the School model, bind the query results to display controls to show the results of the queries, and then make updates to objects and persist the changes to the database.

    Pre-requisites

    1. Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 SP1, which includes the ADO.NET Entity Framework runtime and associated tools
    2. A running Virtuoso Universal Server instance

    Create the School database and schema

    1. Download the Schools Database VAD (schools_db_dav.vad) package.

    2. Navigate to the System Admin -> Packages tab of the Virtuoso Conductor.



    3. Scroll down to the Install Package section of the tab, use the Upload Package option Browse button to locate the schools_db_dav.vad package and click proceed.



    4. Click the Proceed button to begin the installation process.



    5. Once complete return to the Packages tab and scroll down to confirm the *schools_db* package is listed as installed.



    Create the Course Manager application using Visual Studio

    1. Launch the Visual Studio 2008 SP1 IDE.



    2. On the File menu click New Project.

    3. Choose either Visual Basic or *Visual C#* in the Project Types pane.

    4. Select Windows Forms Application in the Templates pane.

    5. Enter CourseManager? for the project name, and then click OK.



    Create the Course Viewer form

    1. In the CourseManager? project, select the default form (Form1).

    2. In the File Properties pane, change the File Name to CourseViewer.vb or CourseViewer.cs.

    3. In Solution Explorer, double-click CourseViewer.vb or CourseViewer.cs to open the form.



    4. In the Toolbox, expand Common Controls, drag the ComboBox? control to the form, and change the name of the control to departmentList.

    5. In the Toolbox, drag the Button control to the form, change the Name of the control to closeForm, and change the Text value to Close.

    6. In the Toolbox, expand Data, drag the DataGridView? control to the form, and change the Name of the control to courseGridView.



    7. Double-click the closeForm button control. This opens the code page for the form and creates the closeForm_Click event handler method.

    8. In the closeForm_Click event handler method, type the following code that closes the form:

      Visual Basic ' Close the form. Me.Close() C# // Close the form. this.Close();

    Generating the School Entity Data Mode

    Add the ADO.NET Entity Data Model item template

    1. Select the CourseManager? project in Solution Explorer, right-click, point to Add, and then click New Item.
    2. Select ADO.NET Entity Data Model in the Templates pane.
    3. Type School.edmx for the model name and click Add. The opening page of the Entity Data Model Wizard is displayed.



    Generate the EDM

    1. Select Generate from database in the Choose Model Contents dialog box. Then click Next.



    2. Click the New Connection button.



    3. Choose the OpenLink Virtuoso Data Source and click Continue.



    4. In the Add Connection dialog, specify the hostname, portno, username, and password for the target Virtuoso Server and check the Save Password check box.



    5. Select the Select Database From List radio button and choose School from the drop down list of available databases.



    6. Click the Test Connection button to verify the connection is successful and then click OK to add the connection.




    7. Set the entity connect string name to SchoolEntities? and click Next.



    8. In the Choose your Database Objects page select the Tables check box to select all table in the School database for addition to the EDM, set the Model Namespace to SchoolModel? and click Finish.



    View the EDM in the ADO.NET Entity Data Model Designer

    1. In the Solution Explorer, double-click the School.edmx file. This displays the School model in the ADO.NET Entity Data Model Designer window.



    2. From the View menu, select Other Windows, and then click Model Browser to display the Entity Model Browser window.

    3. Expand the SchoolModel? and SchoolModel.Store nodes to view conceptual and store definitions, respectively.



    4. From the View menu, select Other Windows, click Mapping Details, and then click an entity (Person for example) or association in the Entity Designer.

    5. This displays the Entity Mapping Details window with information about the object-relational mapping for the selected object.



    Querying Entities and Associations

    This section creates strongly-typed queries against the CLR objects that represent entities and associations in the School model, and bind display controls to the object collections returned from these queries.

    Query the departments in the School database

    1. At the beginning of the code file for the CourseViewer? form, add the following using (C#) or Imports (Visual Basic) statements to reference the model created from the School database and the entity namespace.

      Visual Basic Imports System.Data.Objects Imports System.Data.Objects.DataClasses C# using System.Data.Objects; using System.Data.Objects.DataClasses;

    2. At the top of the partial class definition for the CourseViewer? form, add the following code that creates an ObjectContext? instance.

      Visual Basic ' Create an ObjectContext instance based on SchoolEntity. Private schoolContext As SchoolEntities C# // Create an ObjectContext instance based on SchoolEntity. private SchoolEntities schoolContext;

    3. In the CourseViewer? form designer, double-click the CourseViewer? form. This opens the code page for the form and creates the courseViewer _Load event handler method.

    4. In the courseViewer _Load event handler method, copy and paste the following code that defines the DataGridView?, executes a query that returns a collection of departments (ordered by Name), and binds the collection of Department objects to the departmentList control.

      Visual Basic ' Initialize the ObjectContext. schoolContext = New SchoolEntities() ' Define a query that returns all Department objects and related ' Course objects, ordered by name. Dim departmentQuery As ObjectQuery(Of Department) = _ schoolContext.Department.Include("Course").OrderBy("it.Name") Try ' Bind the ComboBox control to the query, which is ' executed during data binding. Me.departmentList.DisplayMember = "Name" Me.departmentList.DataSource = departmentQuery Catch ex As Exception MessageBox.Show(ex.Message) End Try C# // Initialize the ObjectContext. schoolContext = new SchoolEntities(); // Define a query that returns all Department objects and related // Course objects, ordered by name. ObjectQuery<Department> departmentQuery = schoolContext.Department.Include("Course").OrderBy("it.Name"); try { // Bind the ComboBox control to the query, which is // executed during data binding. this.departmentList.DisplayMember = "Name"; this.departmentList.DataSource = departmentQuery; } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); }

    Display courses for the selected department

    1. In the CourseViewer? form designer, double-click the departmentList control. This creates the *departmentList_SelectedIndexChanged?* event handler method.

    2. Paste the following code that loads the courses that are related to the selected department.

      Visual Basic Try ' Get the object for the selected department. Dim department As Department = _ CType(Me.departmentList.SelectedItem, Department) ' Bind the grid view to the collection of Course objects ' that are related to the selected Department object. courseGridView.DataSource = department.Course ' Hide the columns that are bound to the navigation properties on Course. courseGridView.Columns("Department").Visible = False courseGridView.Columns("CourseGrade").Visible = False courseGridView.Columns("OnlineCourse").Visible = False courseGridView.Columns("OnsiteCourse").Visible = False courseGridView.Columns("Person").Visible = False courseGridView.AutoResizeColumns(DataGridViewAutoSizeColumnsMode.AllCells) Catch ex As Exception MessageBox.Show(ex.Message) End Try C# try { // Get the object for the selected department. Department department = (Department)this.departmentList.SelectedItem; // Bind the grid view to the collection of Course objects // that are related to the selected Department object. courseGridView.DataSource = department.Course; // Hide the columns that are bound to the navigation properties on Course. courseGridView.Columns["Department"].Visible = false; courseGridView.Columns["CourseGrade"].Visible = false; courseGridView.Columns["OnlineCourse"].Visible = false; courseGridView.Columns["OnsiteCourse"].Visible = false; courseGridView.Columns["Person"].Visible = false; courseGridView.AutoResizeColumns(DataGridViewAutoSizeColumnsMode.AllCells); } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); }

    Inserting and Updating Data

    In this section the changes made to Course objects bound are saved to the DataGridView? control to the database and also run the completed Course Manager application.

    Save changes made to objects

    1. In the Toolbox, expand Common Controls, drag the Button control to the CourseViewer? form designer, change the name of the control to saveChanges, and change the Text value to Update.

    2. In the CourseViewer? form designer, double-click the saveChanges control. This creates the saveChanges_Click event handler method.

    3. Paste the following code that saves object changes to the database.

      Visual Basic Try ' Save object changes to the database, display a message, ' and refresh the form. schoolContext.SaveChanges() MessageBox.Show("Changes saved to the database.") Me.Refresh() Catch ex As Exception MessageBox.Show(ex.Message) End Try C# try { // Save object changes to the database, display a message, // and refresh the form. schoolContext.SaveChanges(); MessageBox.Show("Changes saved to the database."); this.Refresh(); } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); }

    4. In the closeForm_Click event handler method, type the following code. This code disposes of the object context before the form is closed.

      Visual Basic ' Dispose the object context. schoolContext.Dispose() C# // Dispose the object context. schoolContext.Dispose();

    Build and run the Class Scheduling application

    1. From the Debug menu, select Start Debugging or Start Without Debugging, to build and run the application.

    2. When the form loads, select a department from the ComboBox? control to display the courses that belong to that department.



    3. In the DataGridView?, update course information or add a new course and then click Update to save changes to the database and displays a message box that declares the number of saved changes.



    The process is now complete.